January 25, 2011

Griffins

        "This majestic beast has pulled chariots of gods, guarded ancient treasures, cured human illness with its magic claws, pursued sinners.  It has been the subject of travelers' tales and scientists' doubts and regarded as an animal of whimsy."  This is how Joe Nigg describes what he calls the "most majestic of all mythical creatures" in his Book of Gryphons.  I'm not going to write a whole book on griffins, of course, but I thought I'd feature them today - and seeing as this is the blog about juvenile fantasy and block prints, naturally I have to feature block prints of griffins.
        Griffins seem to have originated in the Near East around 3,000 BCE.  It's fun to see how different artists through the ages have envisioned a beast that none of them has actually seen.  The model griffin is half lion, half eagle, with the head, wings, and forelegs of an eagle and the hind quarters and ears of a lion - but all kinds of variants have existed through history.  Perhaps that isn't surprising when we can't even agree on how to spell the creature's name!  Here (left) is a strange variant by Martin Schongauer, the fifteenth century master of wood engraving before Albrecht Dürer.  The poor emaciated beast has ears more
befitting a spaniel and the hind legs of some sort of cow or something, of all things.  As for Dürer, he designed this more standard version (left) in 1515.  (The block was carved by Hieronymus Andreae).

        One of the most classic griffins in more recent times is John Tenniel's illustration of the Gryphon in Carroll's Alice in Wonderland (below).  This is just what a griffin ought to look like - although he doesn't necessarily behave as majestically as a griffin ought.



        Here's a fun one drawn by Maurice Sendak to illustrate
The Griffin and the Minor Canon by Stockton (below).  Perhaps the interesting thing about this one is that while Sendak has shown a pretty standard griffin, Stockton's description of the beast in the story is a very strange griffin indeed.  It has no hind legs but instead has a "body running out into a long and powerful tail, finished off at the end with a barbed point."


        The gorgeous griffin at the top of the page is by eighteenth century etcher Wenceslaus Hollar.  I love how it's displayed along with other elements of natural history - and with such lovely detail, too.  It would be strange if they're all supposed to be to scale, though.
        And here, of course, are my own offerings in the field of griffin art.  This first fellow is based on a small carving of a griffin at the back gate of one of the buildings at Yale University.  I think it's a juvenile.  I adapted it, and added some details and texture, but the basic pose and proportions were copied from the carving.  I'd love to give credit to the artist who made it in 1932, but I can't find his (or her, but probably his) name listed anywhere.
        And my second griffin is Fastwings, from my book Kate and Sam to the Rescue.

        Finally, if you're not sated with griffin art yet, check out the Gryphon Pages, with lots of nice images.


[Pictures: A Griffin, etching by Wenceslaus Hollar, c 1646 (photo from University of Toronto Wenceslaus Hollar Digital Collection);
     The Griffin, etching by Martin Schongauer, 1475-1485 (photo by Vincent Steenberg on Wikimedia Commons);
     Detail from Triumphal Arch of Maximillian I, wood engraving by Albrecht Dürer, 1515-17 (from Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg);
     Gryphon, drawing by Sir John Tenniel, reproduced as a wood engraving for printing, (from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll, Macmillan, 1865);
     Griffin, drawing by Maurice Sendak, (from The Griffin and the Minor Canon by Frank R. Stockton, Harper Collins, 2005);
     Little Griffin, rubber block print by AEGN, 2010;
     Fastwings, colored pencil by AEGN, from Kate and Sam to the Rescue, 2008;
     Red-figure calyx-krater, c 375-350 BCE from Eretria, now in the Louvre (photo by Jastrow on Wikimedia Commons.]
Quotation from Nigg, Joe; The Book of Gryphons; Apple-wood Books, 1982; p 5.

2 comments:

  1. Griffins are definitely fun in stories and art, but I am not entirely clear about their personality traits. So perhaps I'd rather not meet one in person. Fastwings is my idea of what a griffin ought to look like.

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  2. Philippe Phoenix-GryphonApril 3, 2012 at 5:49 AM

    Thank you for presenting such a well-written article. I have been researching Gryphon lore and art tonight, to find good artistic renditions on which to base art for a group I belong to. There is such variation in artistic interpretation, that I had to look for descriptions in antiquity. I like the versions of Hollar, Tenniel, Sendak, and also Fastwings. The emaciated version of Schongauer is disgusting!! LOL As for personality traits, I like them as guardians of treasure, and protectors of royalty, making them, as I view them, non-threatening to honest and peaceful people.

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